The main trouble of our archeology of antiquity which is engaged in researches in the territory of the Nikolaev area, first of all Olviya and settlements olviysky choruses are even not poor financing of forwarding works, not lack of the modern search equipment, and... "black archeology" or simply impudent robbery of national property.
"The black market" is saturated, except other, fine safety pottery of antique time - amphoras, киликами, craters.
The deputy director of the German Archaeological institute doctor Shvander who has visited Olviya, with bitterness noted that in the form of underground excavation he didn't observe such organized and systematic robberies of archaeological monuments anywhere in the world though saw much.
- Robbers act persistently and purposefully, - the long-term head of Olviysky expedition of Institute of archeology of NAN of Ukraine Valentina Krapivina declares, - they use the latest technologies and search equipment which allows to define location of a valuable antique thing with an accuracy of centimeters.
Some years of such robbery - and from Olviya as most valuable archaeological object doesn't remain also a trace: only stone layings yes heaps of ceramic splinters, are approved by experts.
And "black archeologists" and their improvised, following the principle "innocent until proven guilty", returns "to them belonging" valuable things have the nerve even to appeal to court with the requirement in case of withdrawal at them stolen.
Somebody Gennady Pavlenko appealed to the Central district court of the city of Nikolaev with the claim to the Nikolaev regional museum of local lore about return four chernolakovykh of pottery - two лекифов, camphor and пелики which allegedly belong to it on the property rights and which were withdrawn on November 11, 2007 from it by employees of USBU in the Nikolaev area at the railway station and are contributed to museum funds.
Experts scientifically - the research center "Lukomorye" of Institute of archeology of NAN of Ukraine established that "two лекифа, one пелика and sprats represent funeral stock of antique time and choruses or in the territory of ancient burial grounds near Pribugskoye, Dneprovk, Kozyrk or Katelino's villages of the Ochakov area could be found in Olviyskaya's territory. These subjects represent cultural value, belong cultural - to historical heritage of Ukraine and are subject to their reckoning to museum funds of Ukraine".
The respondent from museum of local lore provided to court of the copy of inspection of the ancient settlement of Olviya, the territory round Kozyrk's village where "for 2003-2008 scientists recorded a set of extortionate excavations of ancient graves".
Court, having protected state ownership and national property, on June 17 I refused the claim. However apellyatsionno I appealed against the last judgment of the first instance, still hoping to catch valuable artifacts.
In Ukraine still it is full of not found treasures
Having diligently rummaged in historical materials, it is possible to find mentions of a set of places where the Cossack treasures can be based, for example. Here their short list:
Hetman Ivan Mazepa. Tell, at retreat after the Poltava fight it immured the most part of the treasury in one of caves in Pereyaslav - Khmelnytsky under two churches, it constructed.
Hetman Danilo Apostol. The set of gold and silver ware, and also the weapon, speak, it dug in basement casemates Great Sorochintsev (in Poltavshchina).
Hetman Pavlo Polubotok. Researchers claim that he managed to take out to England "only" 200 thousand gold chervonets. Other good (and considerable! ) I dug where - that in Glukhov and/or Lyubeche.
Kosheva ataman Pyotr Sagaydachny. About ten tons of the gold trophies which have got to it at a capture of Varna and Ochakovo, the ataman allegedly hid in the district of the present village of Parutino of the Ochakov region of the Nikolaev area. And all treasury of the Crimean khan (some tons of gold and silver coins), Sagaydachnogo captured by army in Cafe (now it is Feodosiya), most likely lies where - that in the Crimea.
Treasury of the Kuban national republic. Part of the treasures not taken out abroad (namely - brilliants! ) descendants of the Zaporozhye Cossacks buried where - that near Novoazovsk (now it is Donetsk region).
In total, according to some domestic historians and art dealers, to our earth hundreds annual budgets of Ukraine - tens of billions dollars are buried.