On May 27 in the 10th mornings in quickly - dispatching service of head department Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine in the Nikolaev area according to number "101" the message on a fire in JV Nikolayevskaya universalnaya torgovaya baza warehouse down the street Suburban the cities of Nikolaev arrived. So began garrison pozharno - saving doctrines. About it reports the GU Ministry of Emergency Situations central processing unit of Ukraine in the Nikolaev area.
On a tactical plan, conditionally the fire resulted from careless handling of fire of warehouse workers No. 4 at its loading. Fire and smoke remained 2 warehouse workers are cut off, the automatic system of detection of a fire didn't work. When burning big concentration of a smoke was created, people from nearby warehouses are evacuated by object administration. Actions of a voluntary fire team of object didn't give any effect.
As well as in the theory, at practical to working off firefighters - volunteers from among workers of base, showed the low level of readiness for actions in extreme situations is and making of fire hoses to the center of a conditional fire and water supply by means of a fire motor-pump and other.
On a call one for one profits fighting abnormally - saving calculations from three districts of the city, also the equipment of special group of regional department of the Ministry of Emergency Measures also was involved. Rescuers carried out investigation, found and removed outside of victims, became on a position for giving of ognetushashchy substance. However, the additional introduction sounded.
- Influence of high temperature was resulted by destruction of bearing designs, there was a depressurization of a cooling contour of refrigerators from which there was a leakage of ammonia.
Ammonia, NH3 - inorganic connection, colourless gas with a pungent suffocating smell, is lighter than air, we will well dissolve in water. Receive catalytic synthesis from nitrogen and hydrogen under pressure. Liquid ammonia is used in refrigeration units.Extent of influence of ammonia on a human body depends on concentration of vapors of ammonia in air and the time spent of the person in the polluted air. Concentration of ammonia in air of 1500-2700 mg/m3 is deadly.
On a plan of doctrines, everything who was out-of-pocket bodies of protection and got to a defeat zone, were brought out of doctrines.
For elimination of leakage of ammonia and further fire extinguishing, rescuers who were in a reserve, had to apply special protective suits.
In these suits neither chemical, nor not the hindrance - makes comments on bacteriological connections and substances the specialist of department of coordination of actions and application abnormally - saving formations of civil protection of GU Ministry of Emergency Situations Oleg Alyoshenkov - conveniently and safely to work.
Doctrines showed high level of preparation and coordination of actions of rescuers - summing up the results, the head of doctrines the head of department of forces of civil protection of regional department of the Ministry of Emergency Measures Orest Korchinsky emphasized. - Today practical skills of an administrative board of divisions of GU Ministry of Emergency Situations and the guide of object to organization of events to fire extinguishing and elimination of an emergency situation were fulfilled.