Source: Pro Test
High level of impurity of environment in Kharkov is today one of those problem questions who demand the urgent decision. However, the city authorities while only imitate active work on improvement of an ecological situation in polutoramillionny the megalopolis, writes "Z".
According to the Ministry of protection of surrounding environment of Ukraine Kharkov takes the 13th place among all cities of the country on level of impurity of air, soils and reservoirs. That is we take leading positions on this indicator together with such cities as Krivoi Rog, Zaporozhye, Mariupol, the cities of Donetsk and Lugansk areas where the large enterprises of coal and metallurgical industry are located.
Other gasis necessary to us for breath
Annually in Kharkov into the atmosphere it is released from 85 to 90 thousand tons of harmful substances. Emissions of industrial enterprises, many of which are today in a condition of crisis and curtail productions, are gradually reduced. But promptly level of the polluting influence made by the motor transport increases. According to regional management of GAI, the number of cars in the city increases every year on 20 thousand units (today in Kharkov about 350 thousand cars). Therefore it is quite explainable that experts of ecological services revealed the greatest pollution of atmospheric air on the central city streets: Pushkin, Poltava highway, Sumy, Plekhanovsky, Moskovsky Avenue. Menacing level was reached by concentration of a dust. According to laboratory researches, the percent of tests of air with excess granichno - admissible concentration of a dust on the central streets is 5,2 times more than similar indicators in a zone of influence of the industrial enterprises. According to doctors of SES, long influence of pollution of such level of the atmosphere can lead to change of a physical condition of the population that promotes emergence of diseases of systems of breath, blood circulation and skin diseases.
The Kharkov rivers turn into dustbins
All four Kharkov rivers are shallow. Considerable source of their replenishment (about a half of total amount of water) is sewage. This sewage bears 85% of all polluting substances which get to the Kharkov rivers.
For example, the drains getting to the Uda River contain compounds of nitrogen and the phosphate which volume several times exceeds granichno - admissible concentration. Only 6 from more than 200 сливов are equipped with catchers of sand and oil products. Rain and thawed snow get to the rivers practically without cleaning. From - for lack of treatment facilities in networks of the drain sewerage volumes of carrying out of sand to the rivers make 2,5 thousand cubic meter a year. As a result banks increase, current speed is slowed down. Banks grow with hygrophilous plants, create favorable conditions for reproduction of larvae of a malarial mosquito and pathogenic bacteria. Silt thickness in the Kharkov rivers reaches from 1,5 to 3 meters. In a word, the rivers which, in principle have to serve as decoration of any city, in Kharkov turn into the most real bogs.
On such soil it is dangerously to go
Copper, zinc, mercury, lead, cadmium, chrome and other metals in volumes several times exceeding granichno - admissible concentration - the integral elements of structure of the soil in Kharkov. It agrees with data of monitoring of pollution of the soils which are carried out sanitarno - epidemiological service, in territories sanitarno - protective zones, vacation spots, territories of child care facilities of a deviation from standard sizes it is fixed in 40% of tests. Pollution of soils in areas where springs water from which the population traditionally uses as the drinking are located is especially dangerous.
In the city there is no green screen
"In the city also there is no "green screen", - the head of department of ecology of Department zhilishchno - municipal services Victoria Bogatyr claims. ("The green screen" is a zone of green plantings which protect the carriageway from other territory of the city). Indicators of an ozelenennost of the city make 50% at norm of 45%, specialists of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies claim. At the same time the same experts recognize that almost a half of all green plantings - shabby. That is really level of an ozelenennost of Kharkov makes no more than 25-30%.Level of landing of new trees obviously doesn't keep up with level of demolition of the already existing. In the last two years it was succeeded to plant about three thousand trees, thus, that at each meeting of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies (pass time in 2 weeks) permission to demolition of 100-200 trees is given.
But we have a program
The city ecology became a subject of discussion on next 25-oh to session of city council. Even the program of protection of surrounding environment of Kharkov for 2008-2012" was accepted special ". But hardly adoption of the program will be beyond public relations - actions under the slogan "The City Power Is Concerned by a Condition of City Ecology". For implementation of the program it is allocated this year of 1,5 million hryvnias. On these means in fact it is possible to conduct only research works and that in the most limited scales. As the director of the department of housing Alexander Lementa declared from a sessional tribune, on carrying out actions in the sphere of improvement of a state of environment in Kharkov about 150 million hryvnias are necessary. For an example cleaning even Nemyshl's smallest Kharkov river costs 15 million hryvnias. The project of cleaning of the river Lopan from Annunciation Cathedral before its connection with the river Kharkov, offered in 2004 (but not realized until now) cost in the prices of four-year prescription of 6 million hryvnias. The city ecology was always financed by the residual principle, but in the last two years of expense for nature protection actions were even more reduced. Financing of protection of water resources was reduced from 670 thousand hryvnias in 2005 to 94 thousand in 2008 ohms. For actions for protection of underground waters in 2004 it was spent 241 thousand hryvnias, in 2007 - 20 thousand, for 2008 assignment isn't provided not.
It is obvious that such programs are created not to serve as the guide to action and to create illusion of specific actions, to be exact, to cover practical inaction of the city authorities, inaction which besides is paid from pockets of one and a half million Kharkov citizens.