63 thousand population of area have limited physical capacities - that is, are disabled people. The chief of head department of work and social protection in the Nikolaev area Olga Sivoplyas reported about it yesterday, on June 5, during a round table in the Regional center of employment.
Most difficult for disabled people to get a job. For each of them medical institutions develop individual programs of rehabilitation. This information gets to a database and it can use and employers, and protezno - the orthopedic enterprises, and improving institutions. If the disabled person wishes to find a job, information on it is transferred to the regional center of employment. But the main thing - to define, whether really the person is capable to work by that profession which he for itself(himself) chooses or which to it offer.
According to individual programs of rehabilitation, disabled people go for training in the All-Ukrainian centers of professional rehabilitation of disabled people.
In the All-Ukrainian center of professional rehabilitation during the period from 2002 to 2008 61 disabled persons were trained. They studied by the following professions: operator of a computer set (26 people), beekeeper (nine people), social worker (six), seamstress (six), hairdresser (five). In 2008-2009 professional rehabilitation was undergone by nine people. Now pass five.
From 61 disabled persons it was succeeded to employ only 18 disabled people. Six disabled people continue training and four on a state of health can't work.
Private matters of disabled people go also to the Crimean interregional center of the labor physician - social and professional rehabilitation, to the Vinnytsia and Odessa centers.
8226 disabled people work today at 2944 enterprises of area. According to the law "About Bases of Social Security of Disabled People", 4% of total of workplaces have to belong to disabled people. At present this task is performed for 93,8%.
There is also an order of the chairman of the regional state administration according to which in all budgetary organizations the number of working disabled people has to be within 10%. From the moment of its edition in budgetary organizations 853 disabled persons that makes only 3% are employed.
But also here disabled people face a problem: the enterprises very often offer vacancies which don't answer opportunities of disabled people. Most often it is an unskilled hard work.
The big headache is connected with work of the enterprises for disabled. If in 2007 their quantity made 26, today we have 18 such enterprises. However in the future it is planned to develop this type of employment. To the enterprises the recommendation to buy production first of all from the enterprises of disabled people is made.
- Also we study experience of the Rovno and Volynsk areas where at village councils paid social services in repair of footwear and other services are created, - Olga Sivoplyas told. - We now only on a threshold of licensing of social services which will be provided on a paid basis. While all services are free. We are adjusted on that at the settlement centers of work and social protection of the population such municipal enterprises where disabled people will work were created and to provide household services to the population...
Many disabled people want to found the business activity. Some already found a way of an earning - for example, arrange children's holidays, provide photocopying services, trade in stationery, etc. However the state didn't provide the financial help to these people in the organization of the business.
At the same time many disabled people don't express desire to work. Also get registered in the employment centers only to continue disability term...