In area - one of the lowest in Ukraine of indicators of completeness experts - 62,8%. Worse affairs are only in Donetsk and Kirovograd areas.
At a present stage Ukraine is carried to group of the countries with a high incidence of tuberculosis (81 on 100 thousand population) and takes on this indicator the seventh place in the European region of the World Health Organization (WHO) after Russia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Moldova and Kazakhstan. As reported the UNIAN in a press - service of Ministry of Health of Ukraine, such data were provided to time of enlarged exit meeting of Board of Ministry of Health concerning counteraction to tuberculosis which took place on the basis of Donetsk regional public administration.
So, in 2007 on the dispensary account in antitubercular institutions of Ukraine 498 thousand 643 patients, including patients with active forms of tuberculosis - 93 thousand 195 people consisted. The highest rates of incidence of all forms of tuberculosis remain in Hugo - east regions of Ukraine: in the Kherson area - 151,4 on 100 thousand population (in 2006 - 155,7); Kirovograd - 101,9 (in 2006 - 113,4); Lugansk - 103,5 (in 2006 - 111,7).
The analysis of an indicator of mortality from tuberculosis in 15 last years increased by 2,9 times. "This indicator in 2005 made 25,6 on 100 thousand population. In 2007 it in comparison with the previous 2006 also didn't tend to decrease, and made 22,6 on 100 thousand population", - it is noted in the message of Ministry of Health.
Tuberculosis epidemic in Ukraine has two features. The first - is observed interdependence of speed of distribution of tuberculosis from HIV epidemic - infection/AIDS and drug addiction distribution. The second - high level the himiorezistentnykh of forms: the primary - 30% and secondary - 75%. In structure of incidence of tuberculosis the greatest percent is the share of the unemployed of able-bodied age. At the same time obviously insufficient financing of regional programs of counteraction to tuberculosis.Besides, in one region appropriate food of patients by tuberculosis and infected with tuberculosis mikobakteriya on the norms provided by the relevant government resolution isn't provided.
In ftiziatrichesky service the most painful question there is an insufficient staffing in all regions of the country, and also high incidence of tuberculosis among medical workers. In particular, as of January 1, 2008 in institutions of health care of system of Ministry of Health of Ukraine 3601 established posts of doctors - phthisiatricians for whom 2604 doctors - natural persons who at the same time hold 3289 medical positions work are registered.
The number of doctors - natural persons (in health care institutions taking into account sanatoria) is reduced: in their 2004 was 3147, in 2007 - 2951. The lowest indicators of completeness - in Kirovograd (56,5%), Nikolaev (62,8%), Donetsk (61,8%) areas.
Concerning the reasons, from - for which it is impossible to improve in the shortest terms an epidemiological situation with tuberculosis, in Ministry of Health specify that epidemic of tuberculosis is extremely inertial system in the reaction on even the correct and timely counteraction to epidemic manifestations. That is, regression of epidemic of tuberculosis in Ukraine can be delayed in time for 5-6 years.