According to data of researchers of the European Jewish congress and the Israeli sociologists, world financial crisis promoted the notable growth of xenophobic moods and revival of anti-Semitic stereotypes in Europe.
So surveys conducted in Germany, Spain, Great Britain, Poland, Hungary, Austria and France, showed that a third of respondents confer responsibility for present crisis on members of the Jewish community, and 41% of respondents are sure of EU countries that influence of the Jewish businessmen in world economy is too great, transfers "Deutsche Welle".
The wave of anti-Semitic attacks in Europe was caused by recent operation of Israel in the Gaza Strip. Since the beginning of year experts recorded more than 1600 cases of manifestations of anti-Semitism of different severity. Special concern of the chief representative of the Israeli national agency "Dry" in Paris David Rosh cause incidents in France.
It is a question of arsons in Toulouse, in the cities of Alsace and in other parts of the country. For example, for the first two weeks of January 55 anti-Semitic tricks whereas before them was no more than 20 in a month there were registered.
As the head of the Center of studying of anti-Semitism and racism notes at Tel - Avivsky university, professor Dina Porat: "Growth of anti-Semitic moods is visible not only in France, but also in Great Britain, and in Belgium. It not only hooliganism, but also publication of caricatures and "black lists" of activists of the Jewish community, verbal abuses. ".
According to professor, the discontent with policy of Israel affects the Jewish diaspora in Europe. "In other conflict situations, whether it be Tibetan, Kurdish or Chechen, foreign diasporas of the involved parties aren't exposed to similar attacks," - Dina Porat notes.
Experts point and to a number of the drastic anti-immigration measures taken in Italy under pressing of the extremely right. Similar moods are felt in Spain and in Great Britain. There except the migrantofobskikh of moods the sharp surge in anti-Semitism greatest for the last quarter of the century is recorded also.
In Germany, according to the latest statistical data, in the last quarter last year 292 cases of manifestation of anti-Semitism are registered.In Rostock the building of the Jewish community, in Berlin - synagogue protection was attacked.
For researchers the noticeable growth of anti-Semitic incidents in the countries of Scandinavia became unexpected. Recent attempt of attempt at young Israelis in the Danish shopping center, barbarous destructions on the Jewish cemeteries in Norway and Sweden specify, according to experts, on a certain tendency:
"Radical left movements in Sweden are very active, and the police doesn't interfere, hiding behind the liberal legislation, - the former ambassador of Israel in this country Zvi Masel speaks. - But I am sure that the authorities of the country have to show more responsibility. After all already today, according to many, the ultraleft movements and radical Islamists have impact on formation of public opinion in Sweden".
The European Union intends to fight against anti-Semitism and xenophobia manifestations by acceptance of a number of the general legislative norms. But it, according to Alexander Kwasniewski, ex-the president of Poland and the European Council president on tolerance and mutual respect, - it isn't enough, and united Europe has to work more actively over advance of ideas of tolerance among the public.
Ukraine and the Nikolaev area as the part of Europe, seemingly, also becomes not an exception. We will remind that in the beginning of April in Nikolayevshchina vandals "painted" with a swastika the memorable stele established on a place of mass execution by fascists more than 8 thousand Jews.