The new basic document on power cooperation which is offered by Russia as a framework of the international power relations instead of the Power charter of 1991, defines additional responsibility of transit countries.
This document was transferred on Monday to the government of Finland and in the next few days will be sent to members of "twenty", the CIS, and also all active players of a power market, I declared during visit to Finland president of Russia Dmitry Medvedev.
As the Assistant to the President Arkady Dvorkovich, novelty of the document - in extension of the list of energy resources explained to "Sheets": it now not only oil and gas, but also nuclear fuel, electric power and coal.
Russia also suggests to expand the list of the countries and to include in it leading power players, including the USA, Canada, China, India and Norway.
"Encouragement of an exchange with assets" also belongs to innovations, the official of one of the ministries, familiar with the document told.
But especially important point for Russia of the new document are rules of permission of conflict situations and additional responsibility of transit countries. This point is actual after the January gas conflict to Ukraine and declaration signing between Ukraine and EU about modernization of the gas transmission system of Ukraine which didn't include Russia, notes the edition.
Russia suggests to state in the agreement on transit in details all procedure of the solution of disputes, Dvorkovich explains: the long-term stability of deliveries which isn't giving the chance of unilateral actions, not considering interests of partners is necessary.
For the rest, according to the official, the document is the description of the purposes and the principles - key points repeat a power charter: non-discriminatory access to the markets of other countries, transparency, protection of investments, technical safety, energy efficiency, scientifically - technical cooperation.
The legal design of the document offered by Russia isn't clear yet. The form still needs to be discussed, Dvorkovich explains. The charter will be discussed soon at several large international forums, he explains.
"If Russia ratified a power charter (as it was planned to make in 1997), we would be limited to some obligations for nuclear materials, and our partners wouldn't be limited", - Dvorkovich noted.
The new contract will allow to create "a strong basis for more favorable commercial partnership in the power sphere without any political conditions", he told.
In a present charter there is no effective mechanism of the sanctions, capable to set thinking any state, wanted to stop transit of the Russian gas, notes vice-the speaker of the State Duma Valery Yazev.
Experts doubt prospects of acceptance of the Russian option of a power charter.