Medvedev prepares the base for attack.
Russia wants to legalize the military operations abroad. Dmitry Medvedev introduced the bill of amending the law "About Defense" in the State Duma. According to it, the president will individually give the order on the beginning the voynykh of actions with other states without Federation Council approval. In Ukraine prepared for the worst option.
The bill provides addition of article 10 of the law "About Defense" with point defining that Armed forces of the Russian Federation can be used outside the Russian Federation for the solution of the following tasks:
- attack reflection on Armed forces of the Russian Federation or other armies deployed outside the territory of the Russian Federation;
- reflection or aggression prevention against other state;
- protection of citizens of the Russian Federation abroad;
- fight against a piracy and navigation safety.
Also the bill suggests to fill up the law "About Defense" with new article - about simplified use of armies.
Today 102-I article of the Constitution of the Russian Federation demand that armies were abroad applied only according to the Federation Council decision. Medvedev suggests to make an opening in this norm.
In the bill it is spoken: "The decision on expeditious use outside the territory of the Russian Federation of Armed forces of the Russian Federation is made by the president on the basis of the Federation Council resolution". Also isn't present words about, whether there has to be a resolution of the Federation Council by all means before the president will give the order on introduction of troops to other state.
According to the chairman of Council of Federation committee on legal and judicial questions Anatoly Lyskov, the bill after acceptance will allocate the president with the right "in case of emergency to begin introduction of troops with the subsequent adoption of the decree the Federation Council".
Analysts of the Russian Federation explained emergence of the bill to that last summer the introduction of troops of the Russian Federation to Georgia was unconstitutional. The Federation Council was on vacation and didn't grant permission to bomb the Caucasus.The decision of the Federation Council on introduction of troops appeared only on August 25, two weeks later after the end of five-day war.
However the military Russian expert Leonid Ivashov considers that the birth of a similar legislative initiative - usual practice for the strong state. He told Infox.ru agency that the Soviet legislation предуматривало the simplified order of application of armed forces outside the national territory. "Our military presence abroad is necessary where our vital interests are infringed. As for aggression prevention against other states, - that it is a question of our allied obligations", - Ivashov believes.
Against whom will go to be at war Russians?
Ivashov's tranquillity isn't shared by military experts from the states adjoining to the Russian Federation. Medvedev's proposal confirms about what in Russia it was spoken at once after invasion into Georgia at legislative level: Russia won't restrain in use of military force, the head of the parliamentary commission of EU affairs, the vice-chairman of the commission of Riygikogu of the international affairs (Estonia) Marko Mikhkelson parries.
Threat is obvious, the politician speaks. 2006 the Russian President acquired the right for carrying out special operations abroad for destruction of terrorist or extremist forces. Some months later after that in London Alexander Litvinenko was poisoned with polonium. Now the Russian President want to allocate with the right to launch war. It is worth waiting for the worst, Mikhkelson draws parallels.
First of all Medvedev's initiative is directed against Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia, concretized the Internet - the newspaper the director of Institute of foreign policy Grigory Perepelitsa. That is those countries which chose for itself Evrointegration. To consider the bill as psychological attack - it is thoughtless, Perepelitsa adds. It is concrete threat. As Russia intends to recreate the empire within the former USSR.
As a whole the bill after its acceptance threatens to become a call for the states in which territory there are military bases or citizens of the Russian Federation live, Perepelitsa continues. That is, at least, nine states get to a zone of the conflict. After collapse of the USSR military facilities of the Russian Federation are in the following states:
- Azerbaijan: In the city of Gabala the Gabalinsky radar station (RLS) "Daryal" is located.The zone of the review of its antenna allows to block areas of possible start-up quickly - tactical missiles of average range, to determine parameters and the direction of their movement, and also to watch the spacecrafts which are in an area of coverage of RLS to the South from Russia;
- Belarus: In the City of Gantsevichi there is RLS "Volga" - is a part of system of the prevention of rocket attack. The station of decimeter range traces start-up of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (IBM) on North - the western raketoopasny direction.
In the city of Vileyka (Minsk region) is 43-й a communication center of the Navy of the Russian Federation which provides communication on superlong waves of the General staff of the Navy of Russia with the nuclear submarines keeping fighting watch in areas of the Atlantic, Indian and partially Silent oceans;
- Armenia: in the city of Gyumri there are 102-I the Russian military base numbering staff about 5 thousand people. It is equipped with the surface-to-air missile C-300 missile system and fighters MiG-29;
- Georgia: Military bases are under construction in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Their quantity and number aren't disclosed. From informal sources it is known of creation of two military bases in Gudauta and in Ochamchira's port (Abkhazia) and military base in Dzhava (South Ossetia);
- Kazakhstan: 5-й the State test spaceport is a part of Baikonur. In the city of Kustanai there is a separate regiment of transport aircraft of the Air Force of the Russian Federation. In Priozersk costs separate radio engineering knot of Space armies of the Russian Federation. On Sara's range - Shagan is the state proving ground of means strategic air defense and missile defense;
- Kyrgyzstan: in Cantet since 1992 there is Voyenno - the Russian Federation Air Force air base. In the city of Karakol there is a test base of the anti-submarine torpedo weapon and point of a long-distance communication with submarines;
- Moldova: In Transnistria there is a peacekeeping contingent of the Russian Federation. There is the largest weapon warehouse in Europe;
- Tajikistan: Optiko - the electronic Window complex ("Nurek") is located at the height of 2200 m above sea level in mountains Sanglok (Pamir). Is a part of space armies of Russia. It is intended for detection and recognition of space objects.
In the cities of Dushanbe, Kurgan - Tyube, Kulyab is 201-I a motor-shooting division. In October 2004 I received the status 4-й military base. ; :Since 2006 the Russian armies started use of air base of Karshi - Hanabad in the territory of the Kashkadarinskii area for expeditious building and expansion of the Russian armies in Central Asia;
- Uzbekistan: Since 2006 the Russian armies started use of air base of Karshi - Hanabad in the territory of the Kashkadarinskii area for expeditious building and expansion of the Russian armies in Central Asia;
-Ukraine: in the Crimea the base of the Black Sea fleet of the Russian Federation is located. Its points of basing:
- Sevastopol (bays Sevastopol, Southern, Quarantine, Cossack) - main voyenno - the BSF sea base and a place of joint basing of the BSF and Naval Forces of Ukraine;
- Nikolaev (temporarily).
Main airfields of fleet: Guards and Sevastopol (Кача). Spare airfields of fleet: Sevastopol (cape Chersonese, Youzhny). Communication centers: Кача, Pike perch, Yalta.
Russia rents the most part of mooring walls of the port of Sevastopol for parking of 35 fighting ships. In Sevastopol the BSF staff, the central communication center, voyenno - sea hospital, 1096-й an antiaircraft rocket regiment, 810-й a separate regiment of marines, 17-й an arsenal, yachts - club is based.
12 planes of SU are based on airfields of Kacha and Guards - 24M and SU - 24MP, An-26 and to 10 helicopters of KA-27. Total number of the BSF in the Crimea - about 14 thousand people
Medvedev's bill also that in it accurately isn't specified how extent of threat for military formations of the Russian Federation is defined is dangerous. "It is made specially that need of use of armed forces was an interpretation question", - Perepelitsa is indignant.
For example, beacons in the Crimea under the law have to belong to Ukraine, he speaks. But today this question isn't adjusted, and the Russian Federation uses them. If courts prove that the BSF of the Russian Federation holds beacons and means of the navigation system, for example "Mars" in Kherson, illegally, is will be already regarded as aggression of Ukraine against the Russian Federation. It is possible to open fire, the expert speaks.
It is possible to be at war with Ukraine if after 2017 we don't let in fleet of the Russian Federation the Crimea. "It will be regarded as attack on military facilities and an obstacle of activity of the Russian military", - the expert tells.
Tranquillity, only tranquillity
But the political scientist Vladimir Fesenko asks not to force a panic."Potentially Russia can use against us force, - he tells the Internet - the newspaper. - But it could make it and without similar law".
According to Fesenko, the bill and Medvedev's explosive appeal to Ukraine appeared specially by first anniversary of the Georgian - the Russian war. Medvedev made it for two reasons. In - the first to show that the Russian Federation will work out of the borders and her politician on the former Soviet Union will be invariable. In - the second to emphasize an invariance of tough policy, application of military means.
"Threat is the potential. As as, it is a question of army. And attack can be provoked to the Russian Federation bases specially", - Fesenko speaks.
However you shouldn't react to attacks of Russia in nervous tone. At least, we not in forces to answer it is symmetric on the military front. Diplomatic department and the international institutes has to resolve controversial questions. "This business not military, and diplomats. As option, it is necessary to address to the third countries", - Fesenko assures. The main thing in this case - steadiness.