The corner is promised us the paradise?
Where all of us - in such wound?.
The island May,darkens at the left
turns yellow on the right - Berezan.
This edge once called Giley or Borisfenidy. "If to be transported through Borisfen (nowadays Dnepr), the first from the sea will be Giley, and above from her there live Scythians - farmers", − about the Kinburnsky braid the Ancient Greek historian Herodotus who has visited this earth in far V century BCso wrote
Not so long ago, namely last Saturday, August 29, the Kinburnsky braid the Nikolaev journalists visited also. This visit became finishing in the list a press - the rounds organized by the BYuT regional organization led by the People's Deputy of Ukraine by Roman Zabzalyuk within the competition "Seven Natural Miracles of Nikolayevshchina".
"Now we already are in the home stretch. Natural gulfs, rocks, falls, canyons, the lakes, all those objects which have exclusive nature protection and esthetic value could be applicants for a victory in this competition. But with one condition - at application it was necessary to prove why the object can be called as miracle", − the member of the organizing committee of competition, the director of the Southern branch of Institute of ecology of the National ecological center Oleg Derkach told. According to him, the Kinburnsky braid and Granitno - stepovy побужье even are presented by several objects.
By the first miracle which showed to journalists in a route on the Kinburnsky peninsula, Biyenkova's steel плавни - a unique place of spawning of fishes, the environment of existence rare natatorial and the okolovodnykh of birds.
As Oleg Derkach told, earlier Dnepr spread and filled in here everything. But lakes here never were deep-water, average depth always made about a meter. Thanks to it water well gets warm therefore this place is really ideal for fishes - one hundred tons коропа and a crucian come here on spawning, also there is also a key place of spawning of a sazan.
Such huge number of fish attracts also other living creatures.There were times when here arrived on three - four thousand pelicans. Exactly there is the most convenient place in Ukraine for supervision over these birds who fly to hunt for fish. Pelicans eat small fish and rakopodobny, and the most part of the life carry out in Africa.
In the plavnyakh there is also a colony of herons greatest in the south of Ukraine (to 600 couples), from - for it this place is called often Kinburnska Chaplinka. It is interesting that the majority with a heron is equipped by the nests on trees, in plantings of pines. In total number in the plavnyakh lives to 30 different types of the birds included in the Red List of Ukraine (мартын Caspian, a sea eagle - белохвост, a cormorant small, a pelican pink, a korovayka, деркач, Gogol, etc.).
But now lakes catastrophically dry up. The droughty summer covered the earth with small cracks which were weaved into freakish patterns. And the problem here consists not only for lack of rains - the last years aren't present means for full functioning of channels. Besides, as the director of regional landscape park "Kinburnsky Braid" Zinoviy Petrovich told, happened also such that in one day it had to bury at first the channel, and then to break off is as to the top management will climb up in the head.
According to Oleg Derkacha, Biyenkova плавни and Volyzhin the wood can't be broken off therefore the wood became the following object which was visited by journalists.
Volyzhin the wood is the biggest natural forest area in the lower reach of Dnepr where the nature remained in the original state. Together with the lake and virgin steppe sites its area reaches 203 hectares. It also is the remains of well-known Gilei - the country of the woods which existed here according to descriptions of the Ancient Greek historian Herodotus in the V century B.C.
"The earth under the dense wood" (древнегреч. - Giley) I was well familiar ольвиополитам (VII-VI century BC). They considered this earth sacred. In the history legends of it as about the earth where there lived Gods remained. Scythians considered this district especially significant. Here they had a ritual center. Hа to the Braid they stored the main wealth. According to legends, exactly here they hid the gold.
Has the luck to see to "wordsmiths" and an enormous oak which by miracle escaped on the coast of the Dneprovsky estuary. This oak is the oldest tree in Nikolayevshchina. According to Z. Petroviç, to an oak - a giant from 600 to 700 years, under his krone the big group of people can freely take cover, the place here will suffice all.
The real richness of this corner of Black Sea Coast - a large number of lakes. The part from them is located above sea level and replenishes with mainly atmospheric precipitation. Water in these lakes salty and when from a heat it evaporates, is at the bottom formed a thick layer of salt. One of such lakes was visited also by journalists.
Kulikovo's lake is filled completely in with water in the spring, but is the real find for fans of salt bathtubs in the summer. Even if completely to choose here all salt, the lake won't run low - salt here is extended from the earth. Salt lakes started being formed on Kinburna long ago - about ten thousand years ago.
If отколупать a salt slice in the lake, it is possible to see that from below it pink. It is easy to explain so strange thing: in the lake there live bacteria which produce carotene, it and paints salt in pink color. This salt is no good in food from - for a large amount of impurity, but there was the whole system on purification of salt earlier. In imperial times when salt cost awfully much (earlier for a bag of salt asked a cow), on lakes special dams were under construction, the lake broke into separate sites in which salt was constantly pumped over, and from the last capacity extracted already pure salt suitable for food.
The Yagorlitsky gulf which is in North - the western part of the Black Sea within the Ochakov region of the Nikolaev area and the Golopristansky region of the Kherson area became the last place which was visited by journalists and members of the organizing committee. It is quite shallow gulf, its average depth two - three meters, maximum - five six. The coastal zone of the gulf is covered by a sea grass an eelgrass, underwater meadows which it forms, serve as "pasture" for sea animals and fishes, and also for flying waterfowl.
The dried-up leaves of an eelgrass practically don't burn, them often use for stuffing of mattresses and furniture, as a packing material, sometimes even as fertilizer and for production of building materials.
On implementation of obligations of Ukraine within Ramsarsky convention the gulf is included in the list vodno - marsh grounds which have the international value, mainly, as the environment of existence of waterfowl. In this area at various times years it is possible to meet about 300 types feathery. On islands Round and Long the only thing in the basin of the Mediterranean Sea a place of nesting of the representative of the Arctic fauna - an eider usual which is included in the Red List of Ukraine is revealed.Sometimes, here it is possible to see even a flamingo. While the gulf didn't pollute, here it was possible even to catch in a large number of mussels and oysters.
"Many inhabitants of Nikolayevshchina know nothing about these wonderful places, and after all the Kinburnsky braid is the real pearl of our area", - Roman Zabzalyuk declared. It assured all present that this competition has no political shades as protection of the nature is a duty of all society. He told that with 1-го September vote on a site will beginhttp://www.bat.mk.ua, which will define winners of the competition "Seven Natural Miracles of Nikolayevshchina".
On the way to the Volyzhiny wood
The oldest tree in Nikolayevshchina
Oleg Derkach tells journalists about an oak - a giant
Kulikovo's lake - a salt source on Kinburna
The coast of the Yagorlitsky gulf is covered with a sea grass an eelgrass
Seagulls wish to get warm on a place of the dried lake
On this place there was a Kinburnsky fortress which at the time of the Russian Empire sorted on a stone for island construction Mayearlier
Memorable sign to Sidor Belom, the koshevy ataman of the Black Sea Cossack army which has heroically died in water battle with Turks at Kinburn in 1788