Source: "The new newspaper"
Politically and in military sense the situation in Transcaucasia considerably became simpler. The president of South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity who as report, ran from Tskhinvali in Dzhava to the Russian border, continues to tell by phone to journalists any baizes about a course of fights, but the army of the self-proclaimed republic South Ossetia is actually distraught. There were more serious players - Russia, Georgia and Abkhazia which on August 9 without any pretexts or any provocations, but with direct participation of the Russian military, attacked the top part of the Kodorsky gorge under control to Georgians, having opened against Georgia "the second front". Our planes bomb Georgia, our tanks entered on the Georgian territory and fire. The Georgian soldiers shoot at the answer.
Goes российско - the Georgian war, in it the destiny broken away in the early nineties South Ossetia and Abkhazia will finally be decided.
This war became ripe long ago, but as a formal pretext blasting on a self-made radio-controlled mine of the car of the Georgian police on a bypass road at the village Eredvi to the East from Tskhinvali served on July 31. The Russian peacekeepers managed to make investigation and to establish that two were used 22 - mm howitzer a shell of the Russian sample. Police "Toyota" was broken in the stuff, five Georgian are wounded. Literally on the same place on July 4 on a similar mine the car in which the head of temporary pro-Georgian administration of South Ossetia Dmitry Sanakoyev went was undermined. After blasting at the car still fired, but Sanakoyev didn't suffer though his security guards were wounded. Sanakoyev was Minister of Defence in the separatist government of South Ossetia, but then divorced Kokoity and came over to the Georgian to side with group of the Ossetian fighters betrayed to it. Kokoity and his supporters consider Sanakoyev as the traitor.
On August 1 Georgians struck back on the Ossetian positions, having for the first time applied long-range large-caliber rifles. Not expecting such separatists suffered noticeable losses and in turn answered with mortar attack of the Georgian villages that was recorded by the Russian peacekeepers.In the next days Ossetians started provoking actively the full-scale conflict, obviously trying to involve in it Russia that they eventually quite managed.
Kokoity made terrible statements that will smooth out from the Georgian forces the Georgian villages in South Ossetia. To the region the Ossetian reinforcements from structure of the formations developed on border with Ingushetia in a zone of the Ossetian - the Ingush conflict were tightened. Gathering of volunteers in the North Caucasus - Cossacks and other began. Everyday Kokoity declared serious fights with Georgians though mostly as our peacekeepers confirmed, it there were inventions or exaggerations. At the same time Ossetians refused to conduct any negotiations with Georgians and more and more persistently demanded direct Russian military intervention.
On August 7 Ossetians passed from words to business and instead of sluggish firefights began storm mortar attack of the Georgian villages near Tskhinvali in what the Ossetian peacekeeping battalion took active part. By the evening 7-го it became known that as a result Georgians suffered essential losses - 10 killed, 50 wounded, mostly from among civilians.
The president Mikheil Saakashvili made the decision to cancel declared there was a unilateral truce which all the same wasn't observed, and to begin long ago the operation prepared by the Georgian military on defeat of the Ossetian separatists near Tskhinvali. On the Georgian party, on Ossetian, on Abkhazian and in Russia was and is a lot of wishing to do some fighting - to resolve difficult Caucasian ethnic questions in the battlefield.
The Georgian military began at midnight on August 8 night army offensive operation in South Ossetia and literally at some o'clock the Ossetian formations dared from a battlefield. The Ossetian villages and all heights round Tskhinvali were seized, and quarter of governmental buildings in the downtown is destroyed by aim art fire. (According to other data - installations of volley fire like "hail" which doesn't sort where governmental buildings and where houses. - Item F. ) In? The panic began Tskhinvali, the organized resistance stopped. Ossetians could oppose to perfectly organized and not bad armed Georgian armies, their overwhelming fire superiority personal courage of certain fighters at best. In the afternoon 8-го the Georgian infantry and tanks were included quite easily to Tskhinvali, suppressing the remained separate centers of resistance.The population was hidden in cellars, the city as a result of attacks and fights significantly suffered. Exact figures of civil and military losses the Ossetian during the Georgian approach are known today to nobody, in particular South Ossetia chiefs who were in advance running from the fateful city.
Though the Georgian approach wasn't directly directed against the Russian peacekeepers, they suffered losses during attacks and cross fire - to 15 killed and many wounded - to 150, according to some data. A part of our peacekeeping battalion in South Ossetia is to a company of the Chechen fighters from structure of the battalion "East" of GRU GSh of Sulim Yamadayev whom just during the beginning of the full-scale conflict in South Ossetia the committee of inquiry of the State Office of Public Prosecutor put on the wanted list. During the Georgian approach on August 8 the Russian peacekeepers played a passive role.
In four last years military expenses of Georgia grew by more than 30 times, with 30 million dollars in the last (2003-й) year of Eduard Shevardnadze to one billion dollars in the past 2007 - m, having reached 9-10 percent of gross domestic product. On 2008-й the Georgian parliament approved military expenses in 800 million dollars, in July them increased to 1 billion, and from the war beginning defensive expenses of Georgia can exceed in a year 3 billion dollars
Very big money for Georgia was spent so. In Georgia stopped an appeal and created efficient regular voluntary army number more than in 30 thousand. The concept national "total defense" is approved, but the case of reservists with an estimated number of 100 thousand form on - American, creating voluntary national guard. According to the Georgian Ministry of Defence, for May of this year about 40 thousand reservists from among not serving citizens - volunteers are prepared, and there is still an active reserve from served on Sunday the numbering up to 25 thousand people. Now in Georgia the first 4 crews of national guard on the basis of already created territorial battalions are formed. The mobilization of the Georgian reservists declared by Saakashvili on August 8, is completely provided with stocks of arms, ammunition and equipment of the Soviet sample. From the middle of May in Georgia there are mass gatherings of reservists for retraining. Today Georgia approached to the beginning of full-scale armed conflict in a condition of high mobilization readiness. Parts of national guard can be used for performance auxiliary oboronitelno - security tasks.In case of the long conflict reservists can be a replenishment source for regular parts.
The Georgian army consists of 6 regular crews. Four Georgian infantry brigades are quite independent connections on 3300 people and consist of 3 infantry battalions on 591 persons, one armored (mechanized) battalion, an artillery battalion, companies of communication, the back, inzhenerno - engineer. The considerable part of staff of the Georgian infantry passed a running in in Iraq where more than 2 thousand Georgian military personnel are developed today. On August 9 it is declared that by means of Americans the Georgian contingent will be urgently thrown home for protection of the country against aggression. On the same day in Georgia the martial law is declared.
The Georgian infantry brigades are prepared first of all for conducting combat operations in is mountain - the woody district and according to the staff list are armed with mortars. All other artillery, self-propelled and towed, and also systems of volley fire (RSZO) are reduced in uniform artillery crew. Rather small sizes of a potential battlefield in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and also rather dense network of roads allow the Georgian command to maneuver reduced in a uniform fist heavy artillery and RSZO, creating a fire superiority in due time and in the right place. Exact and massive application of artillery allowed the Georgian military to crush quickly the Ossetian formations and actually to take Tskhinvali, having suffered rather insignificant losses - to 50 people the killed, by estimates of the Russian military, 30 - according to Saakashvili's statement.
Parts of the Georgian army special troops are reduced in crew of a special purpose. The Air Force consists of 6 squadrons. Two helicopter transport, two percussions with attack planes of SU-25 and Mi-8, Mi-17, Mi's helicopters-24. One squadron uchebno - fighting and one more UAVs (UAV). It is antiaircraft - missile systems are collected as a part of the Air Force, and army parts are saturated PZRK (the mobile it is antiaircraft - missile systems. ) The modern uniform operational command center of conducting air war is created, equipped and functions. The territory of Georgia, including Abkhazia and South Ossetia, is covered with a uniform radar field.
As a part of the Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs of 15 000 police officers, there are also some specialbattalions developed in a zone of opposition in Abkhazia and South Ossetia where Ceasefire Agreements strictly limit or at all forbid presence of army parts.There is a battalion of police special troops to Tbilisi equipped and trained to resist to mass riots (like OMON).
In whole the present organization of military forces of Georgia looks balanced, it corresponds to opportunities of the state and essential tasks. Georgians bought some tens Israeli UAVs of various sizes and appointment. The Israeli UAVs are capable to collect and transfer in real time a military information about the opponent at any time, including GPS-of coordinate is more whole. The Israeli computer control system for operations and targetings, interfaced to the UAV is bought. Are bought Israeli 155 - mm the self-propelled howitzers, capable to use UAV data for high-precision firing with GPS-an aiming at range to 40 km.
Artillery and RSZO "hail" of the Soviet sample which at the Georgian much, can't be outright integrated into the computerized network of modern high-precision application of fire weapons of defeat. But, according to the deputy minister of defense to Bath Kuteliya, is considered partial integration: essential increase of accuracy of firing with use of data of the UAV for adjustment in real time. The Georgian chiefs claim that by means of Israelis modernized 7 attack planes of SU-25 for application at night and in bad weather. During approach to the Ossetian positions on August 8 the Georgian military showed that can be at war at night, using direct support of shock aircraft and heavy artillery, when their opponents - variegated formations.
In Moscow and in Tskhinvali very much underestimated fighting opportunities of today's Georgia. Lightning defeat of the Ossetian separatists took unawares the Russian management and command. At us counted that with a certain Russian support as during wars in the early nineties, strengths of separatists will be able to constrain, exhaust, and then and to reject weak Georgian army. It would look externally decently - separatists, and Russia - aside are at war supposedly. But already 8-го it was necessary to enter urgently on the Georgian territory and straight off to throw into fight 19-ю the Vladikavkaz motor-shooting division with tanks and self-propelled artillery. On August 9 approached to the aid of part 76-й the airborne forces Pskov division and army special troops which are used today in fights near Tskhinvali as infantry. In Vladikavkaz will develop special operational staff on coordination of invasion into Georgia headed by the commander-in-chief of Land forces Vladimir Boldyrev.
According to the president Dmitry Medvedev, "our peacekeepers and the parts given to them at the moment carry out operation on compulsion of the Georgian party to the world". On the truth the speech, of course, goes about full-scale military operation against the neighboring orthodox country. Today it is obvious that formations the Ossetian and any volunteers are suitable only for performance of auxiliary tasks. According to our officials, our military "squeeze out the Georgian divisions" for administrative border of South Ossetia, as though remaining in a zone of responsibility of peacekeeping forces. The Russian paratroopers and special troops began storm of villages round Tskhinvali, occupied by Georgians.
The fighting ships of the Black Sea fleet entered the Georgian territorial waters at the Abkhazian coast. The Russian Air Force puts бомбово - assault blows to military, economic and civil facilities to all territory of Georgia. In the Black Sea port city of Poti from the Russian bombs 6 people, tens killed and wounded on Senaki's military base in the Western Georgia and in airfield of Vaziani near Tbilisi were lost. In the city Burn the Russian bombs killed at least 20 civilians. On Saturday our military recognized that the Georgian air defenses brought down two planes: attack plane of SU-25 and a supersonic distant rocket carrier - the Tu bomber - 22M3 (crew - 4 people, take-off weight is up to 124 t, length - 43 m). One pilot is taken by Georgians prisoner, the others could be lost. Kuteliya claims that Georgians brought down already our 6 planes. Our planes also constantly bomb the top part of the Kodorsky gorge occupied with Georgians in the territory of Abkhazia, supporting operation on cleaning of this territory. Naturally, Abkhazians claim that they supposedly bomb it …
But the Georgian army isn't broken today yet, and as a result of mobilization expansion its number and fighting opportunities will increase only. The Russian military thrown into South Ossetia, remain in a zone of defeat of the Georgian artillery. In October the Caucasian passes will close snow until the end of the next May. And weather in mountains it will be almost constant the non-flying. Our military can appear in desperate situation.
From the Google cards Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijandisappeared
On the Internet - the world map of Google-Maps of the Google company designations of roads, a relief and settlements of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan are erased. On a place of the countries - a white spot.