The history with attempts to create the latest waste-processing production in Nikolaev totals, at least, 10 years. Then for the first time the offer from the unknown enterprise with absolutely about anything not speaking name "Camelot" about construction of waste burning plant on the basis of the equipment of the known German company "Lurgi" was heard. However then the project wasn't pleasant to a city community. Powerful that hour of anti-mayor opposition - by definition as it was somewhat lobbied, to ecologists - from - for rejections of the technology of burning, economists - from - for its unreasonable cost more than in 100 million dollars (then still nobody heard about euro), and all together - from - for requirements of the investor to provide it not sickly piece of an urban area under implementation of the project plus the budgetary guarantees. More shortly, the project silently died.
There were also even more skilled installations of the Nikolaev enterprises "Inproyektservice" and "Sovenergoresurs" turning garbage into liquid hydrocarbonic fuel, but also there business didn't promote. From skilled installation before industrial production - a big distance to pass which without large-scale investments it was unreal. And recently to nikolayevets four arrived at once more than real offers on creation of the enterprises on waste recycling by means of four various technologies.
At once we will note that one of them costs independently. It is the project of Japanese corporation "Midzukho" - rather purely ecological, than commercial. The essence it is reduced to that Japanese in the commonwealth with Poles intend to extract from garbage gas methane, previously рекультивировав the city range on burial of the solid household waste (SHW) in Korenikhe. Though actually "range" represents a huge fetid dump with million cubes of garbage and thousands of cubic meter of the poisonous filtrate getting deeply into thickness of the earth and poisoning underground waters. Well god with it, with local ecology.The main thing - Japanese care of ecology world and intend to carry out this project within performance by the country of the Kyoto agreement on reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases. The mechanism is simple: "garbage gas", influencing greenhouse effect, won't get to the atmosphere, cultural "to be got" for the purpose of extraction from it by commercially attractive component - methane.
Three other projects offered three open companies with the same names in which the word "eko" appears. So JSC EKO-Planeta offers (see here)
to construct sorting and TBO processing plant around the same city dump. It is thus supposed to use technology of thermal processing in the closed space therefore the garbage will turn into synthetic gas and slags (waste).
The second project of JSC UKR EKO is banal - on the basis of the former boiler room of SPB "Mashproyekt" to construct szhigatelny plant on the basis of the German equipment.
The third project of JSC EKO-Soyuz is more original. He assumes construction on the basis of already redeemed hydrolytic plant in Olshanskom of plant
( see in more detail here
) where after mechanical sorting there will be a waste recycling on the same gas and so-called "alternative fuel" which can be used in production of cement owing to its low cost in comparison with the traditional. It will sell to cement works in Olshanskom and if there are surpluses - and to other cement works.
Naturally, all three open companies and the Japanese who have adjoined them promise that their child will be environmentally friendly and extremely safe.
The cost of JSC Eko-Planeta plant is incredibly high to measures of Nikolaev - 170 million euros. The term of its payback isn't known, but will be estimated for certain decades. And taking into account that the plant is calculated under processing of 500 thousand tons of garbage a year (Nikolaev makes at least twice less), is unclear when it in general will pay off. The Szhigatelny plant "UKR EKO", capable to utilize 170 thousand tons of garbage a year will manage where is cheaper - all that in 10 - 12 million euros. Made in the territory of Leninsky district of Nikolaev warmly, steam and, probably, the electric power will be simple to be "attached". Payback of the project - 20 years. And here "Olshansky" the project the cost of all in 114,5 million UAH and payback in only five years assumes processing of 1 million.TBO cubic meter a year that is comparable to real volumes of the Nikolaev garbage. Considering the previous bitter experience of pioneers, investors demand from the city generally only one - garbage and a platform under production.
Thus to the project from Nikolaev it isn't necessary for "Olshansky" not only dumps, but even lands, after all the territory long ago the collapsed hydrolytic plant already and it is so bought by potential investors. They demand only one: consent of the city hall to transfer them all Nikolaev TBO.
Whether thus all three investors are ready to take out independently garbage on the enterprises in partial even full volume. However, in the latter case without work there are all existing moving men that obviously threatens with sanctions from Antimonopoly committee. And therefore none of them especially don't insist on transportation of all volumes of garbage.
And, certainly, in spite of the fact that the garbage becomes valuable power raw materials, none of a Trinity aren't going to buy it from citizens. Not, on - former, as well as citizens - will pay for collecting, export and burial today. And though I promise everything that tariffs for garbage removal will be within existing, even our mad indicators of inflation show that they objectively should be raised. And if the processor of TBO appears the monopolist, tariffs at all can fly up on unprecedented height.
Who from three "factory owners" will be preferred by the city hall? Probably, the most evident indirect answer to this question is given by level of representation of presentations of projects. The first of them was presented to the public modestly, in the Small Hall of the Executive Committee of the City Soviet of People's Deputies, at meeting of advisory committee at one of the commissions of the City Council, not having absolutely any relation to zhilishchno - to municipal services. And though on presentation there was the first vice-the mayor Yury Granaturov, very clearly he as though let know that appeared here accidentally, so, промежду the other. Naturally, gathered the project not simply scarified, and actually "затюкали". The second project was presented in buffet of the Russian theater, from the city administration there was only a deputy of the mayor on housing and communal services. And as soon as the present heard that it is a question of garbage burning, they amicably expressed the "фе".
And here the presentation of the third, "Olshansky" of JSC EKO-Soyuz project, passed in the Russian theater, differed where big representation.Here I was both the mayor, and his deputies, and heads of administrations of two districts of the city, and representatives of administration of the Nikolaev area where construction of the plant is supposed. And speeches from their lips flew the most sweet, even, despite caustic remarks of the deputies who have come here. If to judge on presentations, the obvious favourite of the city authorities is "EKO - the Union".
Such superficial impression is how right, to judge while early. And finally environmental professionals, economists, housing and communal services have to tell the word. But from the point of view of interests of the city, the project and really looks interestingly: from the city besides a guarantee of transfer of all garbage it isn't required anything, even lands, production will be located in the distance from Nikolaev and city ecology won't affect in any way. And that the project doesn't provide processing of construction garbage, and also existing buried TBO from the range in Korenikhe, so and it is possible to carry this garbage to Korenikhu and to use for dump recultivation, having let here the ubiquitous Japanese anxious with the Kyoto agreement and production of methane. After all and really objectively Japanese project will be organically added by "Olshansky".
But it while theoretical conclusions. And here that will tell the city authorities, we learn enough soon. Probably, already even this fall.