The self-made weapon "handicraftsmen-handymen" made at all times. To look on similar "самопал" - result of their persistent work of the last twenty years - it is possible in the museum of history of criminal investigation department of Nikolayevshchina.
The small museum of history of criminal investigation department of Nikolayevshchina appeared in management of a criminal investigation department of Regional Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in the Nikolaev area this spring, shortly before a professional holiday of his employees which is celebrated on April 15.
Here the photo of heads of the Nikolaev management of a criminal investigation department of different years and employees who devoted all the life to work in a criminal investigation department, a photo from places of incidents 20-x and 50-x years are presented. There are among exhibits newspaper cuttings of last years, a holster, shoulder straps and buckles of Soviet period, the book "85 years of criminal investigation department" and even the verses, which author - the former head of department of a criminal investigation department of Regional Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine in the Nikolaev area, the militia lieutenant colonel in resignationGalina Kutcher. But the greatest interest, naturally, causes department in which the weapon is presented. Especially as this weapon - productions local "masters - handymen".
To withdraw and consider
Exhibits - not only knifes or brass knuckles of handicraft work. There are guns and revolvers, there is also a gun and even "handle" for firing. This tool about 20 cm long from three-meter distance punches office chair.
Knifes, brass knuckles and devices for firing are withdrawn by police officers of area during the period from 1986 to 2004. As the uchreditelnitsa and the inspector" the museum, the operative of a criminal investigation department, the senior lieutenantexplains"Inna Davydova, "in order to avoid excesses" all presented weapon is put out of commission.
The exhibition of the weapon of handicraft work consists of 13 exhibits. However it at all the tenth part of that is withdrawn by police officers from "national handymen". As the head of department of criminal investigation department of Regional Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of UkrainetellsVictor Motelchuk, since the beginning of this year in the Nikolaev area 463 facts of illegal storage of the weapon from which in 245 cases it is a question of the weapon fire are registered. For comparison, last year of the facts of illegal storage of the weapon it is registered 400.And all result 90 - summer work of a criminal investigation department will be not placed by any exhibition.
"I can't tell, it is a lot of it or a little, it is good or it is bad (that this year of such cases is revealed 463), - notesVictor Motelchuk. - We can reveal both 500, and 600, and 700. And the remained one knife also will commit a crime".
The withdrawn weapon generally the self-made: it isn't enough unregistered weapon of industrial production. Organized criminal groups use it generally. And here the weapon of handicraft work withdraw from the population quite often.
The conclusion about, whether corresponds the withdrawn subject to definition cold or firearms, examination gives. Compliance is determined by several signs. In a case with a cold weapon rigidity of steel, the handle and blade sizes are verified, in particular; if it is a question of the weapon fire, existence of devices for dispersal of a shell (trunk), for locking of the channel of a trunk and for ignition of a propellant powder is supposed.
Several decades ago the weapon of handicraft work was made generally by turners at plants. Today such weapon becomes in house conditions, and the majority "handicraftsmen - handymen" are people jobless, earlier judged. But meet among them even minor children. The last are engaged in "production" so-called "самопалов" on which, the lion's share of all withdrawn weapon of handicraft work by the way, is necessary. Of these technical characteristics most самопалов, naturally, don't care: if only shot.
"Producers" of more difficult devices, like revolvers, guns or gimmicks like mentioned "handle" meet also. The separate category of "handymen" is made by manufacturers of a cold weapon.
At first sight, it is much simpler to make a knife, than a revolver. However to make the real weapon, instead of a household subject, it is necessary to use metals of certain alloys, to verify rigidity, length and blade width. Therefore experts of the highest categories are engaged in production of a qualitative cold weapon.
However, if it is a question of the weapon of handicraft work, quality here - concept very conditional. In particular, "producers" of firearms, especially if it is teenagers, quite often sustain injuries, testing own product.The same injuries can sustain and the buyer acquiring similar goods.
Buyers, as well as manufacturers, too mainly enter category of people earlier judged. On a question, for what purpose they get the weapon, both those, and others usually answer: "Just like that, with it it is safer". Thus claim that are afraid of nobody. But the weapon nevertheless store - just like that.
Imaginary safety turns into a penalty, restriction, and even imprisonment under article 263 of the Criminal code of Ukraine. Similar punishment is prescribed in cases of identification of the weapon not only handicraft, but also industrial production if the owner has no corresponding permission.
If it is a question of "carrying, storage, acquisition, production, repair, transfer or sale" the firearms, involved imprisonment for a period of two till five years threatens. The same punishment expects and for storage of ammunition (in particular, cartridges), explosive substances or explosive devices.
In a case with a cold weapon the penalty for the sum up to fifty free minima of the income of citizens, freedom restriction for a period of two till five years or imprisonment for a period of up to three years can become punishment.
Exception, according to this article, only hunting knifes and smooth-bore guns make. And as for statements of that the knife of handicraft work with existence of all signs of a cold weapon can be registered in law enforcement agencies, how the head of department of criminal investigation department of Regional Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine Victor Motelchuk notes, such registration isn't provided.
It is possible to avoid punishment under article 263 only in one case: voluntary to hand over to authorities all available weapon. We will emphasize, to hand over to authorities, instead of to throw out. Otherwise it is possible "to arm" the local bum: the weapon of handicraft work is quite often withdrawn and from them. And on a question: "Where took? " he without ceremony will answer: "On a wastebasket I found …"