At the age of 81 year in the south of the USA the former agent of KGB, the known deserter Yury Nosenko died on August 23. Representatives of intelligence services reported about it. Nosenko living in the USA under an assumed name, died as a result "a long illness". About circumstances of death of Nosenko and character of its illness it is reported nothing.
The first words of a condolence after news of death of the legendary spy came from Pete Erli, the author of several books about CIA who achieved four years opportunity to interview Nosenko. Erli reported that that was concerned by the last year's book of the former employee of CIA Tennet Begli "Espionage wars", in which proofs of were provided that Nosenko everything is was the double agent.
Erli added that during interview was fascinated by the former employee of KGB who, despite the tortures applied to it during interrogations in CIA, considers that the USA - the best hope of all mankind, condemned communism and Moscow and declared that never regretted that became the deserter.
And before Nosenko's death it was visited by senior representatives of CIA and transferred a ceremonial flag and the letter from the head of CIA Michael Hayden in whom the gratitude for his faithful service of the USA was expressed.
On February 5, 1964 KGB residency in Geneva reported in the Center about disappearance of the employee 2-го Nosenko's Head department. By preliminary verification of any data on its possible escape it isn't received, active searches didn't yield results.
Already on February 10 the western mass media left with the sensational Headings "The Employee of KGB of the USSR Yury Nosenko Who Was in Geneva as the Expert of the Soviet Delegation at Meeting of Committee of 18 States on Disarmament, Asked a Political Asylum in the USA". The foreign press and television reported that Nosenko held a responsible position in KGB, transferred to Americans the important classified information, including on production of the nuclear weapon.
On February 14, on demand the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, U.S. State Department organized Nosenko's meeting with two representatives of the Soviet embassy in Washington. There he declared: "...the decision to leave the Soviet Union was made by me not suddenly and not in recent days. This decision ripened long ago. In the night of February 5, 1964 I left Switzerland and appealed to the American authorities to grant me a political asylum". In the report it was stated: "As a whole, conversation with Nosenko left impression that it, probably, really went for change to the Homeland consciously, instead of simply it appeared the victim of the American investigation owing to any circumstances though to be sure completely of it on the basis of one conversation, of course, it is impossible".
Some weeks prior to trip abroad Yury Nosenko was engaged in business of Li Harvey Oswald who in Dallas shot on November 22, 1963 at the U.S. President John Kennedy.
The commission of KGB on a legal investigation of Nosenko worked not one month. It was checked all operational and technical structures of central office of counterintelligence. Work shortcomings with shots, violations of ethical and moral standards by certain employees were exposed. The chief of counterintelligence the general - the lieutenant Oleg Gribanov discharged of a position, a number of heads were excluded from CPSU and are dismissed from bodies, others are lowered in a position, some hundred employees withdrew from the abroad, and they became "not eligible to travel abroad" for long time. Sharpness to Nosenko's business was given also with that his father till last days was the minister of shipbuilding of the USSR (1939-1956), and the son was known by many heads of the state.
In July, 1964 by Military board of the Supreme Court of the USSR of Nosenko it was sentenced for change to the Homeland to a capital punishment - execution. In operational materials of KGB it appeared now as "Idol". As a whole, Americans struck to the Soviet counterintelligence and partly investigation significant blow. The surname of the father Nosenko was withdrawn from the Soviet encyclopedias, the largest Soviet shipyard in the city of Nikolaev ceased to bear his name.
But not everything who knew Yury Nosenko, believed in his change. Started talking about it many years later. Only in 1995 the former first deputy chairman of KGB general Philip Bobkov in the book "KGB and Power" wrote: "I am still convinced that Nosenko got to any difficult situation and didn't sustain. I knew how Yury loved the daughter as I took her illness hard. He couldn't throw so simply here it and a family. And it is possible, to it threatened that will kill. And for such conclusion I had all bases".
In the middle of 70-x years in the American press Yury Nosenko's name emerged again.These publications, were generally connected with investigation of murder of the president John Kennedy, Oswald's role, possible participation of KGB in murder. Information got to journalists and writers as from the former staff of service of external counterintelligence of CIA, and "merged" investigation for the purpose of creation and fixing of a legend of Nosenko's treachery.
As approved CIA and the American mass media, on June 8, 1962 at the first visit of Geneva by Nosenko himself I came to the American residency with the offer of the services. For 900 Swiss francs it transferred counterprospecting information to the first contact with a foreign intelligence service and surnames of employees known to it резидентур to KGB in Geneva and other cities. But from - for fears to be caught by counterintelligence I refused to come to CIA residency in Moscow and in the following arrival I promised to supply with new information. On June 11 in Nosenko's CIA appropriated the code name "Foxtrot".
However Americans regarded the data transferred to Nosenko as misinformation. The chief of external counterintelligence Englton who had the theory about agents of KGB in the American government agencies, came to a conclusion and convinced of it the Soviet department that new "initsiativnik" is the sent officer of KGB directed for feedback with undetected "mole" in CIA. However after the tragedy in Dallas when CIA became known of Oswald's stay in the USSR, there were questions - whether it had contacts with KGB and if yes, that the Soviet intelligence services participated in murder of the president. The Foxtrot working on foreign tourists could give answers to these questions.
On January 23, 1964 during a meeting with the vykopostavlenny official of CIA Nosenko unexpectedly I declared that made the decision not to come back to the USSR. Also he offered information on Oswald's business. And at the beginning of February of the Foxtrot transported to Washington.
The staff of FBI who were engaged in investigation of murder of the president Kennedy, started interrogating intensively Nosenko according to Oswald. FBI completely believed its information. However polls which in parallel have been carried out by CIA on work of Nosenko to KGB and separately on Oswald on a polygraph (lie detector), allegedly convinced CIA of its dishonesty. The foxtrot was detained. For receiving the truth it subjected to "cross-questionings", and then concluded in concrete camera specially under construction for it on confidential base.
In different modes of isolation of Nosenko was more than five years.Supporters of honesty of the Foxtrot claimed that on its aimings 100 or 200 operations of KGB were broken, opponents considered - the materials transferred to them aren't of any value.
In April, 1969 from under arrest it was released and defined for work on the contract - the consultant in external counterintelligence concerning KGB with a salary of 35000 dollars a year (average earnings of the ordinary police officer. - Ampere-second. ). In 1974 to it provided the American nationality.
Gradually the sensation round Nosenko's name began to fall down. Today the press and CIA in general forgot, what secrets of KGB of Nosenko gave out, and his name emerged only in a dry pokhoronka. And, according to official figures, he and remained a traitor.
But here it is represented to the author of these lines that Nosenko didn't change to the Homeland, and was stolen in Switzerland on February 4, 1964, probably, with application of lulling means. This CIA carefully hid for many years. What facts confirm such conclusion? Important data for the first time were heard in 2001 in memoirs of one of counterspies: "In January, 1964 Nosenko went, any more for the first time, to Geneva as the member of the Soviet delegation to negotiations on disarmament. Official appointment was only cover for its real work: it had quite important task from KGB. In Geneva it had to meet also the chief of counterintelligence Gribanov. KGB showed interest to one Frenchwoman who, by her own words, had access to some organizations and to certain information. Nosenko's task was to come for contact with it and to enlist it. Having arrived to Switzerland, Nosenko found it and agreed about a meeting: it was decided to have supper together. They met in hotel on французско - the Swiss border. It was our last information. After Nosenko's dinner I passed into nothingness. It occurred in two days prior to arrival to Geneva Gribanova".
And one of the former heads of KGB Semichastny declared: "… Reached us much later that it didn't give out any name, having caused, thus, even mistrust to itself Americans, and any time spent behind bars in severe conditions: it appeared supposedly a key figure, and darkens "contacts" between KGB and Oswald.
Mistrust from the American side says that before escape from the USSR Nosenko in Moscow didn't work for the western secret services.That it didn't tell names of our scouts - one more certificate of that it didn't prepare for escape, differently would take with itself enough of materials useful to new employers".
Besides, it is possible to assume that CIA was afraid to show Nosenko to congressmen, organizing his interrogations in a staff - the apartment. After all Nosenko could tell parliamentarians about the stealing in Switzerland, and in that situation it would become inevitable property of the press and the international scandal. CIA even didn't allow to receive the commission of Warren important witness according to Oswald - the murderer of the president.
Recently on the Internet the declassified document was placed: "The analysis of materials of inspections of Yury Nosenko on a polygraph", carried out by CIA in 1964, 1966 and 1968, prepared by the leading American expert on polygraphs Richard Arter for the special commission on political murders in March, 1979. For acquaintance with check materials Arter three times visited a staff - CIA apartment.
From Arter's analysis it is possible to draw conclusions: CIA considered truthful information on Oswald, received from Nosenko during polls in February, 1964.
In 1996-1997 Nosenko's hearings according to Oswald on the special commission on political murders of the House of Representatives of the Congress of the USA" of May 30, on June 19 and 20, 1978 were declassified ". Interrogations as hearings in documents are called, were carried out to Langley by the staff of the commission Kenneth Cline and Joanna Smith. Interrogated I showed everything that knew about Oswald, since his emergence in Moscow in 1959: about suicide attempt, granting the Soviet nationality, residence in Minsk, the relation to it of KGB, return to the USA, correspondence with Embassy of the USSR in Washington, visit of the Soviet embassy in Mexico, etc. The commission recognized Nosenko's all indications according to Oswald for 1964-1978 false, and Nosenko - "as a source doubtful".
As a result of the analysis of information it is possible to draw the main conclusion: Nosenko was kidnapped by CIA to receive with the greatest probability only authentic information for that time about the Soviet period of life of Oswald and about so-called "the Soviet trace" in Kennedy's murder which existence at that time really was assumed by considerable number of political leaders and a press.
One more document of CIA declassified in August, 1997 sheds light on Nosenko's business - "KUBARK (KUBARK) - counterintelligence Manual on interrogations" on 128 pages, operating since July 1963 till 1985.According to this manual, counterintelligence could apply arrest, detention, imprisonment, interrogations to obtaining the necessary information with application of threats, a physical abuse, other methods of a call of pain and fear, violation of biorhythms of an organism, influence under hypnosis, use of drugs. As the press wrote, all this "tortures with knocking-out of teeth" were applied to Nosenko. At hearings in the commission in 1978 Murphy recognized that "cross-questioning" was a component of counterprospecting interrogation and its methods were used for receiving "Nosenko's frank indications".
I won't press in the difficult internal political reasons of haste of decisions on Nosenko, but they suited only to Americans - they were convinced of success of their operation and in the subsequent, isn't excluded, again applied the experience. However in this regard it should be noted that the policy of KGB according to such cases gradually changed. The fact of stealing testifies to it Americans in 1985 in Rome the employee of PGU colonel Yurchenko. Then the chief of the Soviet investigation Vladimir Kryuchkov and the management of KGB took tactically correct position that some months later led to return of "fugitive" home.
Now, when cold war ended and its supporters becomes less, the USA, according to the assumed international obligations for human rights, have to open all truth about stealing on February 4, 1964 in Switzerland the diplomat Yury Nosenko. Though it isn't enough hope for frankness of the American investigation.