The Reporters without Borders organization published an annual rating in which degree of freedom of mass media in the different countries of the world is estimated on the site. In 2009 Ukraine took 90-е a place between Senegal and Mongolia.
We will remind, in 2008 Ukraine took 87-е a place, and in 2007 - 92-е.
Russia was in this list on 153 - m a place: I fell in a rating by 12 points (in 2008 it put on 141-е a place).
The first three of leaders this year completely exchanged: Denmark, Finland and Ireland. Last year the place in a rating was shared by Iceland, Luxembourg and Norway.
In the text accompanying a rating, the attention that position of the USA in the table considerably improved is paid. This state rose by 20 points and takes now the 20th place, dividing it with Great Britain and Luxembourg. The secretary general "Reporters without borders" Jean-François Julliard connects an event with "Obama's effect".
End of the European model?
Europe long time was an example for many countries in the field of observance of a freedom of speech, but this year many European countries significantly gave in. And though the first thirteen places in the list of the countries are taken by the European states, other countries, such as France (43), Slovakia (44), Italy (49) went down much below, than it was last year, having lost 8, 37 and 5 places. They are advanced by young African democracies (Mali, South Africa, Gunn) or a Latina - the American countries (Uruguay, Trinidad and Tobago).
Life of journalists is in danger in Italy, Spain (44), and also on the Balkans, in particular in Croatia (78) where on October 23, 2008 the owner and the marketing director of the Natsional weekly were killed at bomb explosion. But the main threat which constitutes the serious danger stretched in time, proceeds from the new laws adopted by parliaments of the different countries. Since September, 2008 laws which concern work of journalists were adopted. For example, in Slovakia (44), deputies adopted the law in which the concept "the rights for the answer", seriously increased influence of the Minister of Culture on publications is entered into mass media.
At the same time, the head of the organization expressed concern to that the situation with a freedom of speech worsened in some European countries. Especially it is noticeable in a case with Slovakia which has fallen by 37 points (now it takes 44-е a place) from - for the adoptions of law, allowing the Ministry of Culture to control press work more rigidly.
Position of Israel worsened - now it takes 93-е a place, having fallen by 48 points and having appeared between Guinea-Bissau and Qatar. "Reporters without borders" connect an event with the operation "Cast Lead", accusing Israel of introduction of military censorship.
The first 13 places in a rating are taken by the European countries; the list Iran, Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea close.
Among the countries of the former USSR the Baltic countries have the highest rating: Estonia (6-е place), Lithuania (10-е place) and Latvia (14). Further Georgia (81), Armenia (111), Tajikistan (113), Moldova (114), Kyrgyzstan (125), Kazakhstan (142), Azerbaijan (146), Belarus (151), Uzbekistan (160), Turkmenistan (173)
The index of a freedom of speech is made "By reporters without borders" thanks to several hundred journalists and experts in the field of mass media which answered polls put to them. By drawing up the Index violations of a freedom of speech from September 1, 2008 till August 31, 2009 were considered.
"Reporters without borders" - the international organization supporting a freedom of speech around the world, was founded in 1985 in Paris